The network provides functionality of transport, multiplexing, routing, management, supervision, and survivability of optical channels carrying client signals. Us6829741b1 forward error correction fec based on sonet. If adobe reader is not installed on your computer, click the button below and go to the download site. Techniques for applying fec to optical signals such as synchronous transport signal level n sonet frames, as well as other frame structures e. On the file system, create a parent directory for each product for example, oradb12c to hold the installation directories. As soon as the customer signal is received, it must be adapted mapped and multiplexed to be contained in the payload of digital frames opu optical payload unit. In case of conflict between the material contained in the tutorial and the material of the relevant recommendation the latter always prevails. The various fields will be explained in the following subsections. Optical transport networks have been migrating from sonet technology to wdm. Designing and optimization of heterogeneous otndwdm networks. Oduk contains the opuk with additional overhead bytes e. Page 106 ux400 10g emanual d0700058p reva00 page 106 of 209 go back to top go back to toc 6. The heart of the file structure design, a short history of file structure design, a conceptual toolkit.
From 3gpp rel, a new frame structure frame structure type 3 and major application of this type is laa. The optical transport network otn was standardized in 2001. Supported file types for digital frames include memory or media cards and picture, audio, video, and text and messaging files, as well as some special extra features that, at this time, can be found in more expensive, highend frames. Planning and optimization of otn network with survival.
Odu multiplexing structure, which allows multiplexing of different signals into bigger transmission pipes. Otn wavelength division multiplexing multiprotocol. The remainder of this paper is organized as follows. As mentioned as per topologies, tdd and fdd there are two frame structures viz. Odu0 efficient transport of 1ge and sdhsonet payloads. To create a second floor select the build floor build new floor from the menu, and i n the new floor dialog, select derive new 2nd floor plan from the 1st floor plan and click ok to display the floor 2 defaults for the purposes of this example, we will not make any modifications to. The basic sonet frame format is the synchronous transport signal sts, with sts1 as the baselevel. The optical transport network otn is evolving fast a transformation, in fact. It is a standardized method for transparent transport of services over optical wavelengths in dwdm systems. Teachers should create their own frames based on specific passages that their students will read. On this page, we try to provide assistance for handling. A clientserver model is applied between sublayers of the otn. Otn wavelength division multiplexing multiprotocol label. A header, which contains information on the pdfspecifications the file adheres to.
Transport mode otn 10gbaser over opu1e wo fixed stuffing, 11. This is a brief presentation about itu g709 standard fot optical networks otn. Sonet the telecom source 10 slide technology series. Lte frame structure tdd and fdd frame structure of lte. Standardization activities for the optical transport network ntt. It covers all the basics of otn networks and a brief presentation of frame format used in otn networks.
Supported file types for digital frames include memory or media cards and picture, audio, video, and text and messaging files, as well as some special extra features that, at this time, can be found in more expensive, highend frames memory card formats memory card formats includes detailed information on. Designing and optimization of heterogeneous otndwdm networks with intermediate grooming afonso oliveira ist meti afonso. Download all of the installation archive files to the directory you created for the product. In this work a computational study of a reinforced concrete frame is presented. To install the ecc connector, extract the delivered zip file e. Before we can start hacking together our own simple pdf file, a quick look at the high level structure of a pdf is in order. Windows can go online to look it up automatically, or you can manually select from a list of programs that are installed on your computer. Transmission techniques and multiplexing hierarchies transmission of data signals.
Once you have created a fully enclosed structure, you are ready to create a second floor. Figure 14 shows the overall frame format for an otuk signal. The otu optical transport unit frame sierra hardware. Adding oam capabilities to wdm networks required creating a frame structure to digitally wrap or encapsulate the payload, which is the basis of the itut g. There has been long long discussions on frame structure both in academia and in 3gpp and now we have pretty clear agreements on what a nr5g radio frame would look like. A read is counted each time someone views a publication summary such as the title, abstract, and list of authors, clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the fulltext.
Otn standard system structure otn otn network structureg. Business organizational chart 5 documents project organization chart 4 documents sample organizational. Physical files and logical files, opening files, closing files, reading and writing, seeking, special characters. Sep 23, 2010 this article is part of a 7 part series to create a hello world pdf. The aim of the optical transport network otn is to combine the benefits of. The otn frame is very similar to a sonet frame in its structure and format.
Emergence of sdh since their emergence from standards bodies around 1990, sdh and its variant, sonet, have helped revolutionize the performance and cost of telecommunications networks based on optical fibers. Traffic patterns of data services are known to be highly dynamic and have been charac terized as selfsimilar caused by longrange dependent transfer times and file size distri butions 8. Line side refers to the transportcore side of the network. An otu optical transport unit frame is a data structure that an otn terminal or source ste will use to transport its data to the outside world. The sonet frame is formed by 9 rows by 90 bytes with a duration of 125us. Otn is an industrystandard optical transport protocol itu g. The otn frame is very similar to a sonet frame in its structure. It is not just the alphabet soup, or the acronyms for every link or connection that confuses most, it is the prospect of containers, and multiplexing bitrates and whatever. Designing and optimization of heterogeneous otn dwdm networks with intermediate grooming afonso oliveira ist meti afonso. Pdf performance analysis of sdh network mangement system. Supported file types in digital frames digital photo frame.
Reinforced concrete frame structures sciencedirect. Heres one possible solution using regular expressions. A struts elimination strategy is proposed to avoid impending nodes both on the inner and outer frame structures. I uploaded the pdf file in the shared component under static file. Download and create your own document with sample organizational structure 32kb 1 pages for free. Otn basics pdf optical transport network otn tutorial. Principals of optical transport network ont is structured as an oth optical transport hierarchy, which is composed of two domains, the optical and the electrical. With the performance of an otn switching open pdf file anchor tag based network. This article is part of a 7 part series to create a hello world pdf. Then you use regular expressions to partition the data into the appropriate column fields for conversion to a.
Figure 1 shows the general structure of sdh signals. Downloading the installation archive files from otn. Supporting different rates selftest correct answers glossary 1. The optical transport network otn architecture is specified in itut rec.
Hi, i have a requirement to view the pdf content in the apex page region, i am using apex 3. Synchronous digital hierarchy sdh columbia university. Designing and optimization of heterogeneous otndwdm. You use the readpdf function from the tm package to convert the pdf files to text, giving you each row as a text string. The h 1h 2 pointer is decreased by one in the next frame. The sdh signal is a serial signal stream with a frame structure. Text structure frames aka summary frames, paragraph frames, writing frames frames should not be used as worksheets for students to fillin. Otuk is the section and includes framing, tti, bip8 and gcc0 bytes. The body area which contains a description of the various elements that are placed on the pages. The structure studied is a beamcolumn assembly which represents a portion of the structural framing system of a tenstory reinforced concrete frame building and is subjected to distributed loads and to monotonically increasing vertical displacement of the centre column to simulate a column removal scenario. It is also known as optical transport hierarchy oth standard. As of december 2009, otn has standardized the following line rates. Otn was designed to provide support for optical networking using wavelengthdivision multiplexing wdm unlike its predecessor sonetsdh itut recommendation g.
In this post, we will call any entity that generates and transmits otuk frames a source ste section terminating equipment. Introduction to frame structure and alarm analysis in otn free download as powerpoint presentation. Building an aframe structure home designer software. When the payload stream is faster than the frame rate, h 3 is used to transmit an extra spe byte from time to time. Pdf files use a fixed structure, they always contain 4 sections. Frame alignment and otu oh structureoh is then added to the opu thus. Pdf optical transport networks otn technology and test.
Understanding itu g709 standard for optical networks free download as powerpoint presentation. The white paper also discusses various constraints that influenced the development of g. This white paper provides a tutorial overview of otn, with primary emphasis on itut g. In this page, i will describe on nr frame structure that is specified in 3gpp specification 38. Introduction to frame structure and alarm analysis in otn scribd. The sts1 payloads are then multiplexed to be sent out on the single fiber at a single rate. A supportfree optimization framework is proposed to generate supportfree inner frame structures. Layer 2 and layer 3 unicast, broadcast, and multicast frame percentage frame size distribution tap on the graph for detailed screens. Physical files and logical files, opening files, closing files, reading and writing, seeking, special characters, the unix directory structure, physical devices and logical files. They should be used to support students thinking as they retell, summarize, andor write.733 906 762 907 612 1587 613 362 220 208 631 948 491 69 930 1590 37 439 792 1435 357 557 1235 563 1365 504 1575 825 1162 1450 394 709 683 1220 732 1185 19 146 1285